Iridium Tantalum Oxide Titanium Electrode Used in Copper Electrowinning

Iridium Tantalum Oxide Titanium Electrode Used in Copper Electrowinning

In copper electrowinning baths, the basic standards used to select anodes in sulfate-based solutions are electrochemical stability, resistance to chemical corrosion in a strongly acidic environment, low overpotential for oxygen evolution, mechanical stability, and environmental safety. Lead-based electrodes have been used as traditional anodes in copper electrowinning because of their low cost of fabrication. They typically contain Pb, Sb, and Ca and minor amounts of other elements. However, lead-based electrodes have some drawbacks, such as their low corrosion resistance, their poor stability, and the harm they might cause to the environment.
Dimensionally stable anodes (DSAs) exhibit both high corrosion resistance and electrochemical activity in copper electrowinning compared with lead-based electrodes. These anodes commonly consist of mixed metal oxide coatings on titanium substrates. The oxides used to form coatings include tantalum oxide (Ta2O5), iridium oxide (IrO2), ruthenium dioxide (RuO2), and tin oxide (SnO2). Among them, IrO2-Ta2O5 coated titanium electrodes have been reported to be the best for oxygen evolution in acidic solutions because of their high electrocatalytic activity and stability.

UTron manufacture iridium tantalum oxide( IrO2-Ta2O5) coated titanium electrode by thermal decomposition. The iridium and tantalum chloride precursors are first dissolved in an aqueous solution and then brush-coated in multiple layers on titanium substrates. The heat treatment at around 400°C to achieve desired coating thickness.

Electrode material: Titanium;
Coating: Iridium tantalum oxide(IrO2-Ta2O5);
Electrolyte: Sulfuric acid solutions;
Current density: 2A/cm2;
Overpotential: 2.5 V;
Service life: 2-5 years.

High-purity copper obtained;
Long service life;
Low overpotential;
Highly stable.

Cathodic Protection;
Oxygen Evolution Reaction;
Wastewater treatment;

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